Effects of Osteoarthritis on the Joints

Dr. Alimorad Farshchian holds almost 15 years of experience in joint anatomy, disease, and treatment. As medical director of The Center for Regenerative Medicine in Miami, Florida, Dr. Alimorad Farshchian has used cell therapy to treat numerous patients with arthritis.

Osteoarthritis, commonly referred to by patients simply as “arthritis,” involves the breakdown of the cartilage that protects the joints. When this happens, the cartilage flakes away and settles in the nearby synovial fluid, thus causing the synovial membrane to become inflamed, leaving the joints without their normal protection. In response, the joint thickens and becomes misshapen, while tendons thicken in an attempt to protect the joint.

These structural changes lead to a limited range of motion or loss of motion in the affected joint. Patients also frequently experience pain caused by both the abnormal functioning of the joint and associated inflammation. The inflammation itself frequently manifests as swelling, redness, and a feeling of heat. Patients with arthritis are also more susceptible to traumatic injury of the joints and a wearing away of the bone surfaces.